The State Pollution Control Board- Sikkim (SPCB-Sikkim) has been created under the provision of Sub-Section (1) of Section 4 of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The main function of SPCB-Sikkim is to act as:
Under the advisory function, SPCB-Sikkim advices the state government in terms of measures to be taken for prevention, control and abatement of pollution.
Under the regulatory function, the SPCB- Sikkim is bestowed with the power of implementation of different Acts and Rules pertaining to Environment Pollution Control. The State Pollution Control Board-Sikkim implements the following Acts and Rules in the State of Sikkim.
Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act,1974
Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act,1977
Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act,1981
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.
Hazardous & Other Wastes(Management & Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016;
Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016;
Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016;
Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016;
E-Waste( Management) Rules, 2016;
Construction & Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016;
The Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules, 2000.
With the increase in the establishment of industrial units in the state mostly the pharmaceuticals and ancillary units, the SPCB-Sikkim under the National Air Monitoring Programme (NAMP) established nine (09) nos. of Air Quality Monitoring (AQM) stations in order to monitor the air quality in the state. The state of Sikkim has been declared as the Air Pollution Control Area under Gazette notification no. 506 dated 08/09/2011. The details of the monitoring stations are as under:
Name of monitoring station :
Latitude o N
Longitude o E
*The 9 th station located at Tashi View point, Gangtok was damaged due to landslide and currently not in operation.
In order to maintain the quality, SPCB-Sikkim has been continuously monitoring the industrial activities and has been ensuring the running of Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) 24 hours a day. Further, SPCB-Sikkim has made Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) mandatory so that the treated water meeting the prescribed standard is recycled and reused for gardening, flushing, cleaning and cooling purposes.