FORESTS, ENVIRONMENT & WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Government of Sikkim

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Wildlife

Protected Areas

India has at present four categories of protected area (PAs), these are National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves which are provided legal sanctity by the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. However, there area six categories specified by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and different countries have different categories of PAs as per their requirements and norms laid by their Governments.

Current Figure of Protected Areas in India

PA Category Nos Area (in sq.km) % Coverage
National Parks 97 38,223.89 1.16
Wildlife Sanctuaries 508* 118,400.76 3.60
Conservation Reserves 6 92.33 0.003
Community Reserves 2 16.26 -
Total Protected Areas 613 1,56,733.24 4.77

*Existing Saraswati Plantation and Bir Bara Ban Wildlife Sanctuaries have been de-notified and declared as Conservation Reserves vide Haryana Govt. Notification No. S.O. 78/C.A.53/72/S.18 and 36-A/2007 dated 11 th October 2007 . (Changes are based on official letter of Addl PCCF (WL) of Haryana, dated 18 th January 2008)

Wildlife Protected Areas of Sikkim

In Sikkim we have, presently, 8 Protected Areas which comprises of 1 National Park and 7 Wildlife Sanctuaries that covers almost 31 per cent of the total geographical area of the state.

SN Name Area (sq. km) District Bio-geographic Province Altitude (m) Notification No. & Date Co-ordinates
Long (East) Lat (North)
1 Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary 104.00 West 2 C 2110 - 4100 50/WL/F/95/269/F & WL dt: 08.06.96 88º 02' to 88 11' 27º 10' to 27 13'
2 Fambonglho Wildlife Sanctuary 51.76 East 2 C 1524 - 2749 34/WL/82 dt: 02.04.84 88º 29' to 88º 35' 27º 10' to 27º 23'
3 Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary 31.00 East 2 C 3292 - 4116 45/WL/83/625 dt: 29.08.84 Extended vide 45/WL/F/92/1585/F & WL dt: 05.12.1992 88º 44' to 88º 45' 27º 22' to 27º 24'
4 Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary 35.34 South 2 C 2000 - 3263 63/WL//F/86 dt: 09.03.87 88º 21' to 88º 25' 27º 21' to 27º 25'
5 Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary 128.00 East 2 C 1760 - 4390 26/WL/F/89 dt: 07.11.00 88º 35' to 88º 51' 27º 09' to 27º 22'
6 Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary 43.00 North 2 C 3048 - 4575 46/WL/F/92/1585/F&WL dt: 05.12.92 88º 43' to 88º 46' 27 43' to 27 48'
7 Khangchendzonga National Park 1784.00 North/ West 1 B & 2 C 1400 - 8598 95/KNP dt: 26.08.07 88º 03' to 88º 39' 27º 27' to 27º 53'
8 Kitam Bird Sanctuary 6.00 320 - 875 39/FEWM/2005 dt: 03.02.05 88º 20' to 88º 22' 27º 06' to 27º 07
Total area (A) 2183.10 - - - - -
9 KNP Buffer zone 836.00 North/ West - - - - -
10 Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve (KNP+Buffer =1784+836) 2620.00 North/ West

1 B & 2 C

2725 - 5537

1/KNP/WL/27 dt: 17.05.1997

88º 27' to 88º 33'

27º 33' to 27º 40'

11 Total Geographic area ( Sikkim) 7096.00 - - - - - -
Note:
1. Protected Area Network does not include area under butter zone of a biosphere reserve
2. Total area under administration by Forests, Environment & Wildlife Management Department
(RF i/c PAs) + Khasmals + Gaucharan =5452+285+104=5841 Sq km)
3. Territorial Sector [RF + Khasmals + Gaucharan = 3268.90 + 285 +104 = 3657.90 Sq. km] i.e. 51.55% of State's Geographical area
4. Wildlife Sector [KNP + Sanctuaries = 2183.10 Sq. km] i.e. 30.77 % of State's Geographical Area.
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Conservation Zones [Top]

Guidelines for Dispensing Compensation for Life/ Property/ Losses during Human Wildlife Conflict - Sikkim New

Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Deaparment, Government of Sikkim has formulated guidelines for speedy and effective implementation of dispensing compensation to the victims or next kin for life/ property/ losses incurred during the human-wildlife conflict in the State of Sikkim vide F.No. 261/WLC/F/06/194 dated 26/12/2015.

» See the Guidlelines [PDF: 203 Kb]

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Prespective Manaagement Strategies of WPAs of Sikkim 2009

The term wildlife encompasses all uncultivated flora and undomesticated fauna. Every species has the right to live and every threatened species must be protected to prevent extinction. Water, wilderness and wildlife are irrevocably interlinked. With mounting industrial and demographic pressures, wilderness areas, which are the richest repositories of wildlife and biodiversity have either shrunk or disappeared their continued existence is crucial for the long term survival of the biodiversity and the ecosystems supporting them. Effective ecosystem conservation is the foundation of long-term ecological and economic stability. Conservation of biodiversity is directly linked with conservation of ecosystems and thus with water and food security. Habitat loss caused by developmental infrastructural developmental projects for short term economic gains undermining ecological security. Read More

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